Diabetes is a common disease that statistically affects 3.9 million people in the UK and has potentially serious complications. It is the most common cause of:
- Blindness in adults
- Kidney problems
- Leg amputations (other than accidents)
- Having diabetes makes you five times more likely to suffer heart attacks and strokes
Not everyone gets Symptoms of diabetes ,
but below are some of what you can experience
- Rapid weight loss
- Frequent urination especially at night
- Pear drop smell to your breath
- Excessive thirst
If you experience any of these please see your GP.
Pre Diabetes also known as impaired glucose tolerance .
In pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance), your blood sugar (glucose) is raised beyond the normal range. Whilst this raised glucose level is not so high that you have diabetes, you are at increased risk of developing diabetes when you have pre-diabetes. you are also at increased risk of developing conditions such as heart disease, peripheral arterial disease and stroke (cardiovascular diseases). If pre-diabetes is treated, it can help to prevent the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The most effective treatment is lifestyle changes, including eating a healthy balanced diet, losing weight if you are overweight, and doing regular physical activity.
Between 1 and 3 out of every 4 people with pre-diabetes will develop diabetes within ten years, Many people have pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance) and because there are no symptoms, they do not know that they have it. Diabetes UK estimates that around seven million people in the UK have pre-diabetes.
Pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance) develops for the same reasons as type 2 diabetes (see above). There are various things that can increase your risk of developing pre-diabetes. They are the same risk factors as those for type 2 diabetes. They include:
- Being overweight or obese (most people with pre-diabetes are overweight or obese)
- Having a family history of diabetes. This refers to a close family member with diabetes - a mother, father, brother or sister
- Doing little physical activity
- Having other risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels
- If a woman has polycystic ovary syndrome and is also overweight
- If you developed diabetes during pregnancy (called gestational diabetes)
Following a low carbohydrate diet will help you reduce your sugar levels in your blood .
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